An asymptotic GLRT for the detection of cyclostationary signals
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AuthorRamírez García, David; Scharf, Louis L.; Vía Rodríguez, Javier; Santamaría Caballero, Luis Ignacio; Schreier, Peter J.
We derive the generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for detecting cyclostationarity in scalar- valued time series. The main idea behind our approach is Gladyshev’s relationship, which states that when the scalar-valued cyclostationary signal is blocked at the known cycle period it produces a vectorvalued wide-sense stationary (WSS) process. This result amounts to saying that the covariance matrix of the vector obtained by stacking all observations of the time series is block-Toeplitz if the signal is cyclostationary, and Toeplitz if the signal is wide-sense stationary. The derivation of the GLRT requires the maximum likelihood estimates of Toeplitz and block-Toeplitz matrices. This can be managed asymptotically (for large number of samples) exploiting Szegö’s theorem and its generalization for vector-valued processes. Simulation results show the good performance of the proposed GLRT.