A Bayesian approach for adaptive multiantenna sensing in cognitive radio networks
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AuthorManco Vásquez, Julio César; Lázaro Gredilla, Miguel; Ramírez García, David; Vía Rodríguez, Javier; Santamaría Caballero, Luis Ignacio
Much of the recent work on multiantenna spectrum sensing in cognitive radio (CR) networks has been based on generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) detectors, which lack the ability to learn from past decisions and to adapt to the continuously changing environment. To overcome this limitation, in this paper we propose a Bayesian detector capable of learning in an efficient way the posterior distributions under both hypotheses. These posteriors summarize, in a compact way, all information seen so far by the cognitive secondary user. Our Bayesian model places priors directly on the spatial covariance matrices under both hypothesis, as well as on the probability of channel occupancy. Specifically, we use inverse-gamma and complex inverse-Wishart distributions as conjugate priors for the null and alternative hypothesis, respectively; and a binomial distribution as the prior for channel occupancy. At each sensing period, Bayesian inference is applied and the posterior for the channel occupancy is thresholded for detection. After a suitable approximation, the posteriors are employed as priors for the next sensing frame, which forms the basis of the proposed Bayesian learning procedure. We also include a forgetting mechanism that allows to operate satisfactorily on time-varying scenarios. The performance of the Bayesian detector is evaluated by simulations and also by means of CR testbed composed of universal radio peripheral (USRP) nodes. Both the simulations and our experimental measurements show that the Bayesian detector outperforms the GLRT in a variety of scenarios.