Gas sensor based on photonic crystal fibres in the 2ν3 and ν2 + 2ν3 vibrational bands of methane
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AuthorCubillas de Cos, Ana María; Lázaro Urrutia, José Miguel; Conde Portilla, Olga María; Petrovich, Marco N.; López Higuera, José Miguel
In this work, methane detection is performed on the 2º3 and º2 + 2º3 absorption
bands in the Near-Infrared (NIR) wavelength region using an all-fibre optical sensor. Hollowcore
photonic bandgap fibres (HC-PBFs) are employed as gas cells due to their compactness,
good integrability in optical systems and feasibility of long interaction lengths with gases.
Sensing in the 2º3 band of methane is demonstrated to achieve a detection limit one order
of magnitude better than that of the º2 + 2º3 band. Finally, the filling time of a HC-PBF is
demonstrated to be dependent on the fibre length and geometry.
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