Test methods and influential factors for analysis of bonding between bituminous pavement layers
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AuthorRaposeiras Ramos, Aitor Cristian; Castro Fresno, Daniel; Vega Zamanillo, Angel; Rodríguez Hernández, Jorge
The durability and maintenance of pavements depend on several factors. One of the most influential is the bond between layers. This bond is responsible for ensuring all layers behave as a single entity, reducing cracks and deformation of the pavement. Several methods, developed by different authors over the past 30 years, to measure bonding between layers are analyzed in this paper. Different research lines are discussed, concluding that the most influential variables are: tack coat type, dosage, mixture type, surface characteristics, temperature, and emulsion breaking time. In order to reach the highest bond strength values, the following factors should be considered: high values of surface macro-texture, low temperatures, the use of heat-adhesive emulsion, a dosage from 300 to 450 g/m2 of residual bitumen and the compaction after emulsion break. Moreover, a non-destructive test method to assess tack coat dosage on site is proposed.
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