Tsunami evacuation modelling as a tool for risk reduction: application to the coastal area of El Salvador
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AuthorGonzález-Riancho Calzada, Pino; Aguirre Ayerbe, Ignacio; Aniel-Quiroga Zorrilla, Íñigo; Abad Herrero, Sheila; González Rodríguez, Ernesto Mauricio; Larreynaga, Jeniffer; Gavidia Medina, Francisco; Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, Omar Quetzalcóatl; Álvarez Gómez, José Antonio; Medina Santamaría, Raúl
Atribución 3.0 España
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 2013, 13, 3249-3270
ABSTRACT. Advances in the understanding and prediction of tsunami impacts allow the development of risk reduction strategies for tsunami-prone areas. This paper presents an integral framework for the formulation of tsunami evacuation plans based on tsunami vulnerability assessment and evacuation modelling. This framework considers (i) the hazard aspects (tsunami flooding characteristics and arrival time), (ii) the characteristics of the exposed area (people, shelters and road network), (iii) the current tsunami warning procedures and timing, (iv) the time needed to evacuate the population, and (v) the identification of measures to improve the evacuation process. The proposed methodological framework aims to bridge between risk assessment and risk management in terms of tsunami evacuation, as it allows for an estimation of the degree of evacuation success of specific management options, as well as for the classification and prioritization of the gathered information, in order to formulate an optimal evacuation plan. The framework has been applied to the El Salvador case study, demonstrating its applicability to sitespecific response times and population characteristics.