Polar decomposition of the Mueller matrix: a polarimetric rule of thumb for square-profile surface structure recognition
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AuthorSanz Casado, Juan Marcos; Saiz Vega, José María; González Fernández, Francisco; Moreno Gracia, Fernando
In this research, the polar decomposition (PD) method is applied to experimental Mueller matrices (MMs) measured on two-dimensional microstructured surfaces. Polarization information is expressed through a set of parameters of easier physical interpretation. It is shown that evaluating the first derivative of the retardation parameter, δ, a clear indication of the presence of defects either built on or dug in the scattering flat surface (a silicon wafer in our case) can be obtained. Although the rule of thumb thus obtained is established through PD, it can be easily implemented on conventional surface polarimetry. These results constitute an example of the capabilities of the PD approach to MM analysis, and show a direct application in surface characterization.
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