LQG control for dynamic positioning of floating caissons based on the Kalman filter
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AuthorSainz Gutiérrez, José Joaquín; Revestido Herrero, Elías; Llata García, José Ramón; González Sarabia, Esther; Velasco González, Francisco Jesús; Rodríguez Luis, Alvaro; Fernández Ruano, Sergio; Guanche García, Raul
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license.
Sensors, 2021, 21(19), 6496
Linear quadratic regulator (LQR)
This paper presents the application of an linear quadratic gaussian (LQG) control strategy for concrete caisson deployment for marine structures. Currently these maneuvers are carried out manually with the risk that this entails. Control systems for these operations with classical regulators have begun to be implemented. They try to reduce risks, but they still need to be optimized due to the complexity of the dynamics involved during the sinking process and the contact with the sea bed. A linear approximation of the dynamic model of the caisson is obtained and an LQG control strategy is implemented based on the Kalman filter (KF). The results of the proposed LQG control strategy are compared to the ones given by a classic controller. It is noted that the proposed system is positioned with greater precision and accuracy, as shown in the different simulations and in the Monte Carlo study. Furthermore, the control efforts are less than with classical regulators. For all the reasons cited above, it is concluded that there is a clear improvement in performance with the control system proposed.