Observation of single top quark production and measurement of |Vtb| with CDF
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AuthorAaltonen, Timo Antero; Adelman, Jahred; Álvarez González, Bárbara; Amerio, Silvia; Amidei, Dante; Anastassov, Anton; Annovi, Alberto; Antos, Jaroslav; Apollinari, Giorgio; Appel, Jeffrey A.; Apresyan, Artur; Casal Laraña, Bruno; Cuevas Maestro, Francisco Javier; Gómez Gramuglio, Gervasio; Rodrigo Anoro, Teresa; Ruiz Jimeno, Alberto; Scodellaro, Luca; Vila Álvarez, Iván; Vilar Cortabitarte, Rocío; [et al.]
We report the observation of electroweak single top quark production in 3.2 fb-1 of pp̅ collision data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab at √s=1.96 TeV. Candidate events in the W+jets topology with a leptonically decaying W boson are classified as signal-like by four parallel analyses based on likelihood functions, matrix elements, neural networks, and boosted decision trees. These results are combined using a super discriminant analysis based on genetically evolved neural networks in order to improve the sensitivity. This combined result is further combined with that of a search for a single top quark signal in an orthogonal sample of events with missing transverse energy plus jets and no charged lepton. We observe a signal consistent with the standard model prediction but inconsistent with the background-only model by 5.0 standard deviations, with a median expected sensitivity in excess of 5.9 standard deviations. We measure a production cross section of 2.3-0.5+0.6(stat+sys) pb, extract the value of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element |Vtb|=0.91-0.11+0.11(stat+sys)±0.07 (theory), and set a lower limit |Vtb|>0.71 at the 95% C.L., assuming mt=175 GeV/c2.
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