Empirical characterization of the indoor radio channel for array antenna systems in the 3 to 4 GHz frequency band
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AuthorPérez López, Jesús Ramón; Torres Jiménez, Rafael Pedro; Rubio Arjona, Lorenzo; Basterrechea Verdeja, José; Domingo Gracia, Marta; Rodrigo Peñarrocha, Vicent Miquel; Reig Pascual, Juan
Concerning the design and planning of new radio interfaces for the fifth-generation (5G) systems, this paper presents a useful contribution to the characterization of the wideband indoor radio channel in the 3-4-GHz frequency band. A measurement campaign has been carried out in two different indoor scenarios to analyze some of the most important wideband parameters of the propagation channel, including a thorough analysis of its behavior to meet the new radio technology challenges. The channel measurement setup consists of a virtual vertical uniform array at the receiver side of the link that remains at a fixed position, whereas the transmitter side, which is equipped with a single antenna, is placed at different positions in the environment under analysis. The measurement setup emulates the up-link of a multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system and allows obtaining the broadband parameters of the multiple channels that are established between the transmitter and each one of the antennas of the receiver array. The results and conclusions about the path loss, temporal dispersion, and coherence bandwidth are included, along with an analysis of the spatial correlation between wideband channels when one of the antennas is an array.