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dc.contributor.authorFernández Crespo, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorSchulting, Rick J.
dc.contributor.authorOrdoño, Javier
dc.contributor.authorRojo Guerra, Javier
dc.contributor.authorSesma Sesma, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Gazólaz, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorAltuna Echave, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorMariezkurrena, Koro
dc.contributor.authorArias Cabal, Pablo 
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.description.abstractStable carbon and nitrogen isotope research on past populations in the Iberian Neolithic has emphasized the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. This study provides the first isotopic insights into the diet and subsistence economy of Early and Middle Neolithic populations from open-air sites in interior north-central Iberia. We present bone collagen carbon (?13C) and nitrogen (?15N) isotope ratios for 44 humans and 33 animals recovered from six cemeteries of the Ebro valley and the northern Iberian Plateau. The results obtained are consistent with the C3 terrestrial diets typical of other contemporary south-western European populations, but the spacing between human and herbivore values from Los Cascajos and Paternanbidea sites is higher than expected, and a significant positive correlation is identified between the ?13C and ?15N human values at both. Moreover, the results clearly differ from those of the Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic in the same region, which show significantly lower ?13C and ?15N values. These findings contribute to an understanding of the implementation of an agro-pastoral economy in interior Iberia, suggesting a stronger reliance on animal foods among the first Neolithic groups of inner Iberia than in subsequent periods as well as differential access to some resources (possibly suckling herbivores) in the diet, which may point to the existence of early social or economic inequalities that do not seem to be linked to age and sex parameters or to mortuary treatment.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the Basque Government (POS_2013_1_147; POS_2014_2_24; POS_2015_2_ 0001) and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (project ‘Coastal societies in a changing world: A diachronic and comparative approach to the Prehistory of SWEurope from the late Palaeolithic to the Neolithic (CoChange)’ (HAR2014-51830-P)). The study has also been supported by a Newton International Fellowship funded by the British Academy (NF170854); the Basque Government (IT542/10); the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) (UFI11/09); and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (projects ‘Los Caminos del Neolítico’ (HAR2009-09027) and ‘Los Caminos del Neolítico II’ (HAR2013-46800-P)).es_ES
dc.format.extent19 p.es_ES
dc.publisherSpringer Verlages_ES
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International © The Author(s). Published by Springeres_ES
dc.sourceArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2019) 11:5463-5481es_ES
dc.subject.otherStable isotopeses_ES
dc.subject.otherSocioeconomic inequalityes_ES
dc.subject.otherEarly-Middle Neolithices_ES
dc.subject.otherInterior Iberian Peninsulaes_ES
dc.titleIsotopic evidence of strong reliance on animal foods and dietary heterogeneity among Early-Middle Neolithic communities of Iberiaes_ES

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Attribution 4.0 International © The Author(s). Published by SpringerExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International © The Author(s). Published by Springer