Systematic methodology for the global stability analysis of nonlinear circuits
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A new methodology for the detection of Hopf, flip, and turning-point bifurcations in nonlinear circuits analyzed with harmonic balance (HB) is presented. It enables a systematic determination of bifurcation loci in terms of relevant parameters, such as input power, input frequency, and bias voltages, for instance. It does not rely on the use of continuation techniques and is able to globally provide the entire loci, often containing multivalued sections and/or disconnected curves, in a single simulation. The calculation of Hopf and flip bifurcations is based on the extraction of a small-signal admittance/impedance function from HB and the calculation of its zeros through a geometrical procedure. The method is ideally suited for the investigation of the global stability properties of power amplifiers and other nonlinear circuits. The turning-point locus, associated with either jump phenomena or synchronization, is obtained by taking into account the annihilation/generation of steady-state solutions that is inherent to this type of bifurcation. A technique is also presented for the exhaustive calculation of oscillation modes in multidevice oscillators and oscillators loaded with multiresonance networks. The new methodologies are illustrated through their application to a power amplifier and a multimode oscillator.