Analysis of superregenerative oscillators in nonlinear mode
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Superregenerative oscillators in a nonlinear mode are investigated in detail using methodologies based on envelope transient, complemented with additional algorithms. A maximum-detection technique is applied to obtain the input-power threshold for nonlinear operation under different implementations of the quench signal. A mapping procedure enables the prediction of hangover and self-oscillation effects. It is based on the detection of the sequence of local maxima in the envelope amplitude after the application of a single input pulse. Using a contour-intersection method, and depending on the analysis time interval, it is possible to quantify the hangover effects and obtain the oscillation boundary, in terms of any two significant parameters. Then, a compact time-variant behavioral model is derived, valid in the absence of hangover and self-oscillation effects. It consists of a single time-variant Volterra kernel and is applicable provided that the amplitude transitions occur outside the sensitivity interval. Various methodologies are tested in a practical FET-based oscillator at 2.7 GHz. The prototype has been manufactured and measured, obtaining good agreement with the analysis results.