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dc.contributor.authorLuelmo-Lautenschlaeger, Reyeses_ES
dc.contributor.authorBlarquez, Olivieres_ES
dc.contributor.authorPérez Díaz, Sebastián es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMorales-Molino, Césares_ES
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Sáez, José Antonioes_ES
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.description.abstractLong-term fire ecology can help to better understand the major role played by fire in driving vegetation composition and structure over decadal to millennial timescales, along with climate change and human agency, especially in fire-prone areas such as the Mediterranean basin. Investigating past ecosystem dynamics in response to changing fire activity, climate, and land use, and how these landscape drivers interact in the long-term is needed for efficient nature management, protection, and restoration. The Toledo Mountains of central Spain are a mid-elevation mountain complex with scarce current anthropic intervention located on the westernmost edge of the Mediterranean basin. These features provide a perfect setting to study patterns of late Holocene fire activity and landscape transformation. Here, we have combined macroscopic charcoal analysis with palynological data in three peat sequences (El Perro, Brezoso, and Viñuelas mires) to reconstruct fire regimes during recent millennia and their linkages to changes in vegetation, land use, and climatic conditions. During a first phase (5000?3000 cal. BP) characterized by mixed oak woodlands and low anthropogenic impact, climate exerted an evident influence over fire regimes. Later, the data show two phases of increasing human influence dated at 3000?500 cal. BP and 500 cal. BP?present, which translated into significant changes in fire regimes increasingly driven by human activity. These results contribute to prove how fire regimes have changed along with human societies, being more related to land use and less dependent on climatic cycles.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded the project REDISCO-HAR2017-88035-P (Plan Nacional I+D+I, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness). Reyes Luelmo-Lautenschlaeger is funded by an Formación del Profesorado Universitario (FPU) grant (Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports).es_ES
dc.format.extent23 p.es_ES
dc.publisherMDPI AGes_ES
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.sourceFire 2019, 2(4), 54es_ES
dc.titleThe Iberian Peninsula's Burning Heart' Long-Term Fire History in the Toledo Mountains (Central Spain)es_ES

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Attribution 4.0 InternationalExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International