Power minimization in multi-tier networks with flexible duplexing
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In this paper we present an algorithm to minimize transmit power in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) heterogeneous networks (HetNets) with flexible duplexing, a promising strategy that allows the coexistence of uplink and downlink cells within the same time and frequency resource block. First, the proposed algorithm minimizes transmit power for a given uplink/downlink (UL/DL) combination, and afterwards, the optimal solution out of the explored UL/DL combinations is selected. To reduce the computational cost of exploring all the UL/DL settings, we propose a hierarchical switching (HS) approach that considers a reduced subset of transmit directions. By means of Monte Carlo simulations, we show that the proposed technique provides significant power savings with respect to a conventional time-division duplex (TDD) scheme.