Source enumeration in non-white noise and small sample size via subspace averaging
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This paper addresses the problem of source enumeration by an array of sensors in the challenging conditions of: i) large uniform arrays with few snapshots, and ii) non-white or spatially correlated noises with arbitrary correlation. To solve this problem, we combine a subspace averaging (SA) technique, recently proposed for the case of independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) noises, with a majority vote approach. The number of sources is detected for increasing dimensions of the SA technique and then a majority vote is applied to determine the final estimate. As illustrated by some simulation examples, this simple modification makes SA a very robust method of enumerating sources in these challenging scenarios.