Robust improper signaling for two-user SISO interference channels
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AuthorSoleymani, Mohammad; Lameiro Gutiérrez, Christian; Santamaría Caballero, Luis Ignacio; Schreier, Peter J.
It has been shown that improper Gaussian signaling (IGS) can improve the performance of wireless interference-limited systems when perfect channel-state information (CSI) is available. In this paper, we investigate the robustness of IGS against imperfect CSI on the transmitter side in a two-user single-input single-output (SISO) interference channel (IC) as well as in a SISO Z-IC, when interference is treated as noise. We assume that the true channel coefficients belong to a known region around the channel estimates, which we call the uncertainty region. Following a worst-case robustness approach, we study the rate-region boundary of the IC for the worst channel in the uncertainty region. For the two-user IC, we derive a robust design in closed form, which is independent of the phase of the channels by allowing only one of the users to transmit IGS. For the Z-IC, we provide a closed-form design for the transmission parameters by considering an enlarged uncertainty region and allowing both users to employ IGS. In both cases, the IGS-based designs are ensured to perform no worse than proper Gaussian signaling. Furthermore, we show, through numerical examples, that the proposed robust designs significantly outperform non-robust solutions.