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dc.contributor.authorCramp, Lucy J. E.
dc.contributor.authorJones, Jennifer Rose
dc.contributor.authorSheridan, Alison
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorWhelton, Helen
dc.contributor.authorMulville, Jacqui
dc.contributor.authorSharples, Niall
dc.contributor.authorEvershed, Richard P.
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.description.abstractThe appearance of farming, from its inception in the Near East around 12 000 years ago, finally reached the northwestern extremes of Europe by the fourth millennium BC or shortly thereafter. Various models have been invoked to explain the Neolithization of northern Europe; however, resolving these different scenarios has proved problematic due to poor faunal preservation and the lack of specificity achievable for commonly applied proxies. Here, we present new multi-proxy evidence, which qualitatively and quantitatively maps subsistence change in the northeast Atlantic archipelagos from the Late Mesolithic into the Neolithic and beyond. A model involving significant retention of hunter?gatherer?fisher influences was tested against one of the dominant adoptions of farming using a novel suite of lipid biomarkers, including dihydroxy fatty acids, ?-(o-alkylphenyl)- alkanoic acids and stable carbon isotope signatures of individual fatty acids preserved in cooking vessels. These new findings, together with archaeozoological and human skeletal collagen bulk stable carbon isotope proxies, unequivocally confirm rejection of marine resources by early farmers coinciding with the adoption of intensive dairy farming. This pattern of Neolithization contrasts markedly to that occurring contemporaneously in the Baltic, suggesting that geographically distinct ecological and cultural influences dictated the evolution of subsistence practices at this critical phase of European prehistory.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/F021054/1), with research on the Irish material funded by EU FP7 (Marie Curie Actions) under REA grant agreement no. 273462.es_ES
dc.format.extent8 p.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 Españaes_ES
dc.sourceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, (2014), vol. 281, issue 1780es_ES
dc.subject.otherNeolithic dietes_ES
dc.subject.otherStable carbon isotopeses_ES
dc.titleImmediate replacement of fishing with dairying by the earliest farmers of the northeast Atlantic archipelagoses_ES

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Atribución 3.0 EspañaExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 3.0 España