Factors Associated with Meat Consumption in Students of Spanish Universities: UniHcos Project
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AuthorOrtiz-Moncada, Rocío; Morales-Suárez-Varela, María; Avecilla-Benítez, Ángeles; Norte Navarro, Aurora; Olmedo-Requena, Rocío; Amezcua-Prieto, Carmen; Cancela, José M.; Blázquez Abellán, Gemma; Mateos-Campos, Ramona; Valero Juan, Luis Félix; Redondo Martín, Susana; Alonso Molero, Jessica; Molina de la Torre, Antonio José; Llopis-Morales, Agustín; Peraita-Costa, Isabel; Fernández-Villa, Tania; Grupo de Investigación UniHcos
The level of meat consumption is one of the main deviations from the Mediterranean diet pattern in Spanish university students. The objective of this cross-sectional descriptive study is to analyze the association between sociodemographic factors and the consumption of fresh and processed meat in Spanish university students. This study is part of a cohort of 11 Spanish universities with 9862 university students (UniHcos Project). A descriptive analysis and a chi2 test were carried out to assess differences between personal and sociodemographic variables and meat consumption, and binary logistic regression analysis to assess factors associated with consumption; 19.9% and 73.5% met the recommendations for meat-fresh and meat-processed consumption, respectively. Only 3.8% of students meet the recommendations for both fresh and processed meat. Statistically significant differences were found between sex, BMI, employment, housing, and coexistence regarding compliance with recommendations. Female employed students living in rental accommodations with a partner are more likely to meet the recommendations for fresh meats while male, normal weight, employed students living in rental accommodations with a partner are more likely to meet the recommendations for processed meats. There is a lack of compliance with the recommendations for consumption of fresh meat in Spanish university students, differences in compliance among students of differing regions and an association with sex, employment, housing, and coexistence regarding compliance.
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