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dc.contributor.authorJones, Jennifer Rose
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Michael P.
dc.contributor.authorStraus, Lawrence G.
dc.contributor.authorReade, Hazel
dc.contributor.authorAltuna, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorMariezkurrena, Koro
dc.contributor.authorMarín Arroyo, Ana Belén 
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-20T12:04:31Z
dc.date.available2019-03-20T12:04:31Z
dc.date.issued2018-10
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.otherHAR2012-33956es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10902/15926
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental change has been proposed as a factor that contributed to the extinction of the Neanderthals in Europe during MIS3. Currently, the different local environmental conditions experienced at the time when Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH) met Neanderthals are not well known. In the Western Pyrenees, particularly, in the eastern end of the Cantabrian coast of the Iberian Peninsula, extensive evidence of Neanderthal and subsequent AMH activity exists, making it an ideal area in which to explore the palaeoenvironments experienced and resources exploited by both human species during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Red deer and horse were analysed using bone collagen stable isotope analysis to reconstruct environmental conditions across the transition. A shift in the ecological niche of horses after the Mousterian demonstrates a change in environment, towards more open vegetation, linked to wider climatic change. In the Mousterian, Aurignacian and Gravettian, high inter-individual nitrogen ranges were observed in both herbivores. This could indicate that these individuals were procured from areas isotopically different in nitrogen. Differences in sulphur values between sites suggest some variability in the hunting locations exploited, reflecting the human use of different parts of the landscape. An alternative and complementary explanation proposed is that there were climatic fluctuations within the time of formation of these archaeological levels, as observed in pollen, marine and ice cores.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the European Commission through a Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (FP7- PEOPLE-2012-CIG-322112), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (HAR2012-33956 and Ramon y Cajal-2011-00695), the University of Cantabria and Campus International to ABMA. Radiocarbon dating at ORAU was funded by MINECO-HAR2012-33956 project. J.J was supported initially by the FP7- PEOPLE-2012-CIG-322112 and later by a Marie Curie Individual Fellowship (H2020-MSCA-IF-2014-656122). Laboratory work, associated research expenses and isotopic analysis were kindly funded by the Max Planck Society to M.R.es_ES
dc.format.extent20 p.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes_ES
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International © The Author(s) 2018es_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.sourceScientific reports | (2018) 8:14842es_ES
dc.titleChanging environments during the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in the eastern Cantabrian Region (Spain): direct evidence from stable isotope studies on ungulate boneses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.publisherVersionhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32493-0es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/322112/EU/HUMAN SUBSISTENCE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN EUROPEAN REFUGIA: LATE NEANDERTHALS AND EARLY MODERN/EUROREFUGIA/es_ES
dc.identifier.DOI10.1038/s41598-018-32493-0
dc.type.versionpublishedVersiones_ES


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Attribution 4.0 International © The Author(s) 2018Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International © The Author(s) 2018