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dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez Zugasti, Fernando Igor 
dc.contributor.authorRios-Garaizar, Joseba
dc.contributor.authorMarín Arroyo, Ana Belén 
dc.contributor.authorMaroto, Julià
dc.contributor.authorJones, Jennifer Rose
dc.contributor.authorBailey, Geoffrey N.
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Michael
dc.contributor.authorRasines, Pedro
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-20T08:30:05Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn1040-6182
dc.identifier.issn1873-4553
dc.identifier.otherHAR2013-46802-Pes_ES
dc.identifier.otherHAR2010-22013es_Es
dc.identifier.otherHAR2012-33956es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10902/15922
dc.description.abstractA large number of sites dated to the Late Middle Paleolithic and the Early Upper Paleolithic have been recorded in the Cantabrian region (northern Iberia), making this area a key location to investigate the lifeways of the last Neanderthals and the first anatomically modern humans. The stratigraphic sequence from El Cuco rock-shelter was originally attributed to the Early Upper Paleolithic based on radiocarbon dates measured on bone apatite. However, new radiocarbon dates on shell carbonates from the lower levels produced inconsistent dates with those previously published. In order to clarify this anomaly, a reassessment of the chronology of levels VI to XIV was undertaken. The review was based on new radiocarbon dates performed on bones and shells, and a re-evaluation of the lithic assemblages. Bone samples did not produce radiocarbon dates due to a lack of collagen preservation but radiocarbon dating of shell carbonates provided dates ranging from 42.3 to 46.4 ka BP. These dates are significantly older than that previously obtained for level XIII using biogenic apatite from bones (?30 ka uncal BP), suggesting that the bone apatite used for radiocarbon dating was rejuvenated due to contamination with secondary carbonate. Lithic assemblages, defined in the first place as Evolved Aurignacian, have now been confidently attributed to the Mousterian techno-complex. These results suggest a Middle Paleolithic chronology for this part of the sequence. The new chronology proposed for El Cuco rock-shelter has significant implications for the interpretation of Neanderthal subsistence strategies and settlement patterns, especially for coastal settlement and use of marine resources, not only in northern Iberia, but also in Atlantic Europe.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipRadiocarbon dates OxA-27196 and OxA-27730 were funded by the NERC Radiocarbon Facility (NF/2012/1/18) and they were part of the project NF100413 (Newton International Fellowship to IGZ). Radiocarbon dates OxA-30851, P-32155 (ORAU) and UGAMS-9076 were part of the project HAR2013-46802-P funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Two other samples that failed to be dated at the ORAU (P-35524 and P-35523) as well as the date Beta – 382682 and elemental analysis were obtained in the project HAR2010-22013, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Isotopic analysis was performed as part of the projects HAR2012-33956 funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and EUROREFUGIA (Ref. 322112) funded by the European Union through FP7-PEOPLE-2012-CIG (https://eurorefugia.wordpress.com/), with additional support from the Max Planck Society. IGZ and ABMA were funded by the Juan de la Cierva (JCI-2012-12094) and the Ramón y Cajal (RYC-2011-00695) Research Programmes of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, respectivelyes_ES
dc.format.extent36es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherElsevieres_ES
dc.rights© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licensees_ES
dc.sourceQuaternary International, Volume 474, Part A, 25 April 2018, Pages 44-55es_ES
dc.subject.otherRadiocarbones_ES
dc.subject.otherShelles_ES
dc.subject.otherChronologyes_ES
dc.subject.otherMousterianes_ES
dc.subject.otherIberiaes_ES
dc.titleA chrono-cultural reassessment of the levels VI-XIV from El Cuco rock-shelter: a new sequence for the Late Middle Paleolithic in the Cantabrian Region (northern Iberia)es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.publisherVersionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.059es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsembargoedAccesses_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/322112/EU/HUMAN SUBSISTENCE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN EUROPEAN REFUGIA: LATE NEANDERTHALS AND EARLY MODERN/EUROREFUGIA/es_ES
dc.identifier.DOI10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.059
dc.type.versionacceptedVersiones_ES
dc.date.embargoEndDate2020-05-01


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