Magnetic study of co-doped magnetosome chains
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AuthorMarcano Prieto, Lourdes; Muñoz Rodríguez, David; Martín Rodríguez, Rosa; Orue Goikuria, Iñaki; Alonso Masa, Javier; García Prieto, Ana; Serrano Rubio, Aida; Valencia Molina, Sergio; Abrudan, Radu Marius; Fernández Barquín, Luis; García Arribas, Alfredo; Muela Blázquez, Alicia; Fernández Gubieda, María Luisa
Magnetotactic bacteria synthesize a chain of magnetic nanoparticles, called magnetosome chain, used to align and swim along the geomagnetic field lines. In particular, Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense biomineralize magnetite, Fe3O4. Growing this species in a Co-supplemented medium, Co-doped magnetite is obtained, tailoring in this way the magnetic properties of the magnetosome chain. Combining structural and magnetic techniques such as transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, X-ray absorption near edge structure, and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we determine that 1% of Co2+ substitutes Fe2+ located in octahedral places in the magnetite, thus increasing the coercive field. In the framework of the Stoner-Wohlfarth model, we have analyzed the evolution of the hysteresis loops as a function of temperature determining the different magnetic anisotropy contributions and their evolution with temperature. In contrast with the control magnetosome chains, whose effective anisotropy is uniaxial in the whole temperature range from 300 to 5 K, the effective anisotropy of Codoped magnetosome chains changes appreciably with temperature, from uniaxial down to 150 K, through biaxial down to 100 K, to triaxial below 100 K.