Association of circulating calprotectin with lipid profile in axial spondyloarthritis
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AuthorGenre, Fernanda; Rueda Gotor, Javier; Remuzgo Martínez, Sara; Corrales Martínez, Alfonso; Mijares Díaz, Verónica; Expósito, Rosa; Mata Arnaiz, María Cristina; Portilla González, Virginia; Blanco Alonso, Ricardo; Hernández Hernández, José Luis; Llorca Díaz, Francisco Javier; Gualillo, Oreste; López Mejías, Raquel; González-Gay Mantecón, Miguel Ángel
Calprotectin (CPT) is released during inflammation, also in the context of atherosclerosis. The link between CPT and the atherosclerotic process was evaluated in several diseases. However, studies in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), associated with a high incidence of subclinical atherosclerosis, are scarce. Therefore, we assessed the association of CPT with subclinical atherosclerosis and metabolic risk factors in axSpA. CPT serum levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 163 axSpA patients and 63 controls. Subclinical atherosclerosis was determined in patients by carotid ultrasonography (assessing the presence/absence of carotid plaques and carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT]). Data on inflammation, disease activity, lipid profile and treatment were collected to evaluate its relationship with CPT. axSpA patients evidenced lower CPT levels than controls. CPT showed no association with plaques or cIMT in axSpA. CPT and HDL-cholesterol negatively correlated, while a positive association of CPT with the atherogenic index was disclosed. Additionally, axSpA patients with C-reactive protein values at diagnosis higher than 3?mg/L displayed higher CPT levels. Our study shows no relationship between CPT and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in axSpA. Nevertheless, it demonstrates an association of CPT with adverse lipid profiles and inflammatory biomarkers, which could further influence on the development of atherosclerosis.
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