Identification of human pathological mitral chordae tendineae using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
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AuthorReal Peña, Eusebio; Icardo de la Escalera, José Manuel; Fernández Barreras, Gaspar; Revuelta Soba, José Manuel; Calvo Díez, Marta; Pontón Cortina, Alejandro; Gutiérrez Díez, José Francisco; López Higuera, José Miguel; Conde Portilla, Olga María
Defects of the mitral valve complex imply heart malfunction. The chordae tendineae (CTs) are tendinous strands connecting the mitral and tricuspid valve leaflets to the papillary muscles. These CTs are composed of organized, wavy collagen bundles, making them a strongly birefringent material. Disorder of the collagen structure due to different diseases (rheumatic, degenerative) implies the loss or reduction of tissue birefringence able to be characterized with Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography (PS-OCT). PS-OCT is used to discriminate healthy from diseased chords, as the latter must be excised and replaced in clinical conventional interventions. PS-OCT allows to quantify birefringence reduction in human CTs affected by degenerative and rheumatic pathologies. This tissue optical property is proposed as a diagnostic marker for the identification of degradation of tendinous chords to guide intraoperative mitral valve surgery.