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dc.contributor.authorLaso Cortabitarte, Jara 
dc.contributor.authorMargallo Blanco, María 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Herrero, María Isabel 
dc.contributor.authorFullana i Palmer, Pere
dc.contributor.authorBala Gala, Alba
dc.contributor.authorGazulla Santos, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorPolettini, Alessandra
dc.contributor.authorKahhat Abedrabbo, Ramzy Francis
dc.contributor.authorVázquez Rowe, Ian
dc.contributor.authorIrabien Gulías, José Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorAldaco García, Rubén 
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Cantabriaes_ES
dc.description.abstractThe great concern regarding food loss (FL) has been studied previously, but in an isolated way, disregarding interdependencies with other areas. This paper aims to go a step further by proposing a new procedure to assess different waste management alternatives based on the nexus approach by means of an integrated Water-Energy-Food-Climate Nexus Index (WEFCNI). The environmental profile of the waste management techniques is determined using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) which, in combination with Linear Programming (LP), explores the optimal aggregation of weighting factors that lead to an aggregated nexus index. The management of residues from the anchovy canning industry in Cantabria (Spain) has been used as a case study, considering the three current applied alternatives: (i) valorisation of FL as animal feed in aquaculture (food waste-to-food approach), (ii) incineration of FL with energy recovery, and (iii) landfilling with biogas recovery. The last two considered the use of energy recovered to produce a new aquaculture product (food waste-to-energy-to-food scenarios). The results indicate that incineration is the best performing scenario when the nutritional energy provided by the valorisation alternative is not high enough and the valorisation technology presents the highest water consumption. Therefore, a minimisation in the consumption of natural resources is suggested in order to improve the application of circular economy within the sector. The use of the nexus index as an environmental management tool is extendable to any food system with the aim of facilitating the decision-making process in the development of more sustainable products.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of the Spanish Government for its financial support via the project GeSAC-Conserva: Sustainable Management of the Cantabrian Anchovies (CTM2013-43539-R) and to Julia Celaya for her technical support. Jara Laso thanks the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spanish Government for its financial support via the research fellowship BES-2014-069368. Pere Fullana and Alba Bala thank the UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change. Ian Vázquez-Rowe thanks the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú for financing the Walaya Project.es_ES
dc.format.extent36 p.es_ES
dc.publisherElsevier Limitedes_ES
dc.rights© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licensees_ES
dc.sourceWaste Management, 2018, 80, 186-197es_ES
dc.subject.otherCircular economyes_ES
dc.subject.otherEngraulis encrasicoluses_ES
dc.subject.otherFood losses_ES
dc.subject.otherIndustrial ecologyes_ES
dc.subject.otherNexus indexes_ES
dc.titleCombined application of Life Cycle Assessment and linear programming to evaluate food waste-to-food strategies: Seeking for answers in the nexus approaches_ES

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© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licenseExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license