On the behavior of the LOD-FDTD method at dielectric interfaces
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The electric field computed by the locally 1-D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method at dielectric interfaces is investigated. To this end, two comprehensive problems are considered, namely a dielectric step in a rectangular waveguide and a dielectric-loaded metallic cavity. We found that, in both problems, the electric field patterns exhibit an unexpected phase shift at the dielectric interface. By contrast, the alternating-direction implicit FDTD method does not present this unphysical behavior.