Assessment of load dependent friction coefficients and their influence on spur gears efficiency
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AutoríaDíez Ibarbia, Alberto; Fernández del Rincón, Alfonso; García Fernández, Pablo (ingeniero); Juan de Luna, Ana Magdalena de; Iglesias Santamaría, Miguel; Viadero Rueda, Fernando
Traditional procedures to calculate efficiency on gear transmissions generally consider sliding friction as the only dissipative effect, and what is more, they are based on the usage of constant friction coefficients. Although this approach gives acceptable efficiency values depending on the transmission application, the utilisation of a variable friction coefficient provides more reliable results of the friction behavior. Within this framework, the influence of the choice of the friction coefficient on the efficiency of shifted spur gears is assessed in this study. The Niemann?s friction coefficient formulation, which is constant and commonly applied to traditional approaches, was implemented in this proposal, in order to compare it with two hybrid formulations, which are based on elastohydrodynamic lubrication fundamentals and capable to reproduce the friction coefficient in dry contact, boundary, mixed and fluid film conditions of lubrication. These friction coefficient formulations are dependent on the load applied in the conjunction, therefore an enhanced load sharing allows for a better modelling of sliding friction, not only because it depends directly on the normal forces, but due to the friction coefficient load dependence. In this regard, the Load Contact Model previously developed by the authors, which considers the deflections of the adjacent teeth and shifting profile to calculate the load sharing and the friction coefficient, is used, allowing for efficiency values with a high level of accuracy. The efficiency results obtained when hybrid formulations are implemented provides lower values than those determined including Niemann?s formulation. Furthermore, there is a shifting profile which makes optimal the efficiency. This shift factor depends on the implemented friction coefficient formulation, concluding the remarkable importance of the friction coefficient choice.