Virtual FBGs using saturable absorbers for sensing with fiber lasers
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AuthorRodríguez Cobo, Luis; Pérez Herrera, Rosa Ana; Quintela Incera, María Ángeles; Ruiz Lombera, Rubén; López-Amo Sainz, Manuel; López Higuera, José Miguel
The spectral narrowing of Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) introduced by unpumped Er-doped fiber (EDF) was analyzed for fiber lasers (FL). Owing to spatial hole burning (SHB), the spectral response of a virtual FBG can be employed for narrowing the band pass filter employed to determine the lasing wavelength of laser cavities. A common FL was mounted to analyze the spectral stability of the method, and a FL sensor for strain and temperature measurements was experimentally characterized to determine the stability of the narrowing effect achieved by the unpumped EDF, which acts as a virtual FBG. The results exhibited remarkably good narrowing effects of the spectral response of uniform FBGs.