Evidence for Collective Multiparticle Correlations in p-Pb Collisions
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AuthorKhachatryan, Vladimir; Brochero Cifuentes, Javier Andrés; Cabrillo Bartolomé, José Iban; Calderón Tazón, Alicia; Duarte Campderros, Jorge; Fernández García, Marcos; Gómez Gramuglio, Gervasio; Graziano, Alberto; López Virto, María Amparo; Marco de Lucas, Jesús; Marco de Lucas, Rafael José; Martínez Rivero, Celso; Matorras Weinig, Francisco; Muñoz Sánchez, Francisca Javiela; Piedra Gómez, Jonatan; Rodrigo Anoro, Teresa; Rodríguez Marrero, Ana Yaiza; Ruiz Jimeno, Alberto; Scodellaro, Luca; [et al.]
The second-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics, v2, are obtained in p−Pb and PbPb collisions over a wide pseudorapidity (η) range based on correlations among six or more charged particles. The p-Pb data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 nb−1, were collected during the 2013 LHC p-Pb run at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV by the CMS experiment. A sample of semiperipheral PbPb collision data at √sNN=2.76 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.5 μb−1 and covering a similar range of particle multiplicities as the p−Pbdata, is also analyzed for comparison. The six- and eight-particle cumulant and the Lee-Yang zeros methods are used to extract the v2 coefficients, extending previous studies of two- and four-particle correlations. For both the p−Pb and PbPb systems, the v2 values obtained with correlations among more than four particles are consistent with previously published four-particle results. These data support the interpretation of a collective origin for the previously observed long-range (large Δη) correlations in both systems. The ratios of v2 values corresponding to correlations including different numbers of particles are compared to theoretical predictions that assume a hydrodynamic behavior of a p−Pb system dominated by fluctuations in the positions of participant nucleons. These results provide new insights into the multiparticle dynamics of collision systems with a very small overlapping region.