Measurement of the production cross sections for a Z boson and one or more b jets in pp collisions at at √s = 7 TeV
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AuthorChatrchyan, Serguei; Brochero Cifuentes, Javier Andrés; Cabrillo Bartolomé, José Iban; Calderón Tazón, Alicia; Chuang, S. H.; Duarte Campderros, Jorge; Fernández García, Marcos; Gómez Gramuglio, Gervasio; González Sánchez, Francisco Javier; Graziano, Alberto; Jordá Lope, Clara; López Virto, María Amparo; Marco de Lucas, Jesús; Marco de Lucas, Rafael José; Martínez Rivero, Celso; Matorras Weinig, Francisco; Muñoz Sánchez, Francisca Javiela; Rodrigo Anoro, Teresa; Rodríguez Marrero, Ana Yaiza; [et al.]
The production of a Z boson, decaying into two leptons and produced in association with one or more b jets, is studied using proton-proton collisions delivered by the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The data were recorded in 2011 with the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5 fb−1. The Z(ℓℓ) + b-jets cross sections (where ℓℓ = μμ or ee) are measured separately for a Z boson produced with exactly one b jet and with at least two b jets. In addition, a cross section ratio is extracted for a Z boson produced with at least one b jet, relative to a Z boson produced with at least one jet. The measured cross sections are compared to various theoretical predictions, and the data favour the predictions in the five-flavour scheme, where b quarks are assumed massless. The kinematic properties of the reconstructed particles are compared with the predictions from the MADGRAPH event generator using the PYTHIA parton shower simulation.
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