Directional Fano resonances in light scattering by a high refractive index dielectric sphere
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AuthorTribelsky, Michael I.; Geffrin, Jean-Michel; Litman, Amelie; Eyraud, Christelle; Moreno Gracia, Fernando
We report the experimental evidence of directional Fano resonances at the scattering of a linearly polarized electromagnetic plane wave by a homogeneous dielectric sphere with a high refractive index and low losses. We observe a typical asymmetric Fano profile for the intensity scattered in practically any given direction, while the overall extinction cross section remains Lorentzian. The phenomenon originates in the interference of the selectively excited electric dipolar and quadrupolar modes. The selectivity of the excitation is achieved by the proper choice of the frequency of the incident wave. Owing to the scaling invariance of the Maxwell equations, in these experiments we mimic the scattering of the visible and near IR radiation by a nanoparticle made of common semiconductor materials (Si, Ge, GaAs, GaP) by the equivalent scattering of a spherical particle of 18 mm in diameter in the microwave range. The theory developed to explain the experiments extends the conventional Fano approach to the case when both interfering partitions are resonant. A perfect agreement between the experiment and the theory is demonstrated. © 2016 American Physical Society.