Robust multiobjective optimisation for fuzzy job shop problems
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Abstract In this paper we tackle a variant of the job shop scheduling problem with uncertain task durations modelled as fuzzy numbers. Our goal is to simultaneously minimise the schedule's fuzzy makespan and maximise its robustness. To this end, we consider two measures of solution robustness: a predictive one, prior to the schedule execution, and an empirical one, measured at execution. To optimise both the expected makespan and the predictive robustness of the fuzzy schedule we propose a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm combined with a novel dominance-based tabu search method. The resulting hybrid algorithm is then evaluated on existing benchmark instances, showing its good behaviour and the synergy between its components. The experimental results also serve to analyse the goodness of the predictive robustness measure, in terms of its correlation with simulations of the empirical measure.