Numerical analysis of the hot-spot temperature of a power transformer with alternative dielectric liquids
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AuthorSantisteban Díaz, Agustín; Delgado San Román, Fernando; Ortiz Fernández, Alfredo; Fernández Diego, Inmaculada; Renedo Estébanez, Carlos Javier; Ortiz Fernández, Félix
The assessment of two vegetal oils as coolant in Low Voltage Winding of a power transformer with zigzag cooling have been analyzed. These dielectric fluids cooling performance has been compared with a typical mineral oil. To make the study, a 2D-axisymmetrical model of a power transformer has been developed to perform a numerical analysis using a Finite Element Method based software, COMSOL Multiphysics®. Some values are obtained in order to establish the comparison, such as hot-spot temperature or hot-spot factor. Moreover, the influence of the increase of the number of passes of the cooling circuit on the hot-spot temperature has been evaluated for all liquids and compared with the initial design. Results obtained in this work show that the hot-spot temperature is lower for the vegetal oils in the initial design. Furthermore, an increase in the number of passes affect more positively to the mineral oil since similar values of the hot-spot temperature for all liquids are obtained. Values of the hot-spot factor indicates that higher number of passes leads to lower efficient cooling circuits owing to the increase of the pressure drop although the hot-spot temperature decreases.