Non-synonymous WNT16 polymorphisms alleles are associated with different osteoarthritis phenotypes
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AuthorGarcía Ibarbia, María del Carmen; Neila, Sara; Garcés Zarazalejo, Carlos; Alonso Aguirre, María Ángeles; Zarrabeitia Cimiano, María Teresa; Valero Díaz de Lamadrid, Carmen; Ortiz Flores, Fernando; Riancho Moral, José Antonio
Hereditary factors have a strong influence on osteoarthritis (OA). The Wnt pathway is involved in bone and cartilage homeostasis. Hence, we hypothesized that allelic variations of WNT16 could influence the OA phenotype. We studied 509 Caucasian patients undergoing joint replacement due to severe primary OA. Radiographs were used to classify the OA as atrophic or hypertrophic. Two nonsynonymous polymorphisms of WNT16 (rs2707466 and rs2908004) were analyzed. The association between the genotypes and the OA phenotype was analyzed by logistic regression and adjusted for age and body mass index. A genotype-phenotype association was found in the sex-stratified analysis. Thus, there was a significant difference in the genotypic frequencies of rs2707466 between hypertrophic and atrophic hip OA in males (p = 0.003), with overrepresentation of G alleles in the hypertrophic phenotype (OR 2.08; CI 1.28-3.38). An association in the same direction was observed between these alleles and the type of knee OA, with G alleles being more common in the hypertrophic than in atrophic knee phenotypes (p = 0.008; OR 1.956, CI 1.19-3.19). Similar associations were found for the rs2908004 SNP, but it only reached statistical significance for knee OA (p = 0.017; OR 0.92, CI 0.86-0.989). This is the first study attempting to explore the association of genetic variants with the OA phenotype. These data suggest the need to consider the OA phenotype in future genetic association studies of OA.