Numerical dispersion relation for the 2D LOD-FDTD method in lossy media
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A closed-form expression is derived for the numerical dispersion relation of the 2-D locally one-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (LOD-FDTD) method in lossy media. In contrast to the lossless formulation, we found that transverse-electric (TEz ) and transverse-magnetic (TMz ) waves in lossy media exhibit different numerical dispersion relations. Moreover, when the material relaxation-time constant is not well resolved by the integration time-step, the TMz case shows much worse accuracy than the TEz case. To remove this limitation, a split-field LOD-FDTD formulation for TMz waves is then considered, which exhibits the same dispersion relation as the LOD-FDTD method for TEz waves. The validity of the theoretical results is illustrated through numerical simulations.