Passive detection of correlated subspace signals in two MIMO channels
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AuthorSantamaría Caballero, Luis Ignacio; Scharf, Louis L.; Vía Rodríguez, Javier; Wang, Haonan; Wang, Yuan
In this paper, we consider a two-channel multiple-input multiple-output passive detection problem, in which there is a surveillance array and a reference array. The reference array is known to carry a linear combination of broadband noise and a subspace signal of known dimension, but unknown basis. The question is whether the surveillance channel carries a linear combination of broadband noise and a subspace signal of the same dimension, but unknown basis, which is correlated with the subspace signal in the reference channel. We consider a second-order detection problem where these subspace signals are structured by an unknown, but common, p-dimensional random vector of symbols transmitted from sources of opportunity, and then received through unknown M × p matrices at each of the M-element arrays. The noises in each channel have spatial correlation models ranging from arbitrarily correlated to independent with identical variances. We provide a unified framework to derive the generalized likelihood ratio test for these different noise models. In the most general case of arbitrary noise covariance matrices, the test statistic is a monotone function of canonical correlations between the reference and surveillance channels.