A review on sparse solutions in optimal control of partial differential equations
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AuthorCasas Rentería, Eduardo
In this paper a review of the results on sparse controls for partial differential equations is presented. There are two different approaches to the sparsity study of control problems. One approach consists of taking functions to control the system, putting in the cost functional a convenient term that promotes the sparsity of the optimal control. A second approach deals with controls that are Borel measures and the norm of the measure is involved in the cost functional. The use of measures as controls allows to obtain optimal controls supported on a zero Lebesgue measure set, which is very interesting for practical implementation. If the state equation is linear, then we can carry out a complete analysis of the control problem with measures. However, if the equation is nonlinear the use of measures to control the system is still an open problem, in general, and the use of functions to control the system seems to be more appropriate.