Probabilistic assessment of floating wind turbine access by catamaran vessel
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In this work, it is evaluated the accessibility of a floating platform, by means of a catamaran vessel equipped with a fender. The two bodies are modelled as a constrained multi-body system in the frequency domain. Transfer functions are calculated for the motions and forces of the system. Access is possible when no slip conditions occur at the fender, and when the relative rotations between the two bodies are within certain tolerance limits. Four response variables are defined to impose such conditions. In a short-term sea state the extreme maximum crest height of these variables is computed, assuming that response crest heights follow a Rayleigh distribution. Each of the extreme values is compared to a specific threshold, to determine whether access is possible or not. Accessibility is calculated for a sample platform located off the coast of Scotland using hindcast data for the period 1980-2013. Average accessibility resulted to be 23.7%. A strong seasonality is ascertained, together with a large variation of accessibility, due to the variability of wave climate.