Real-time evacuation route selection method for complex buildings
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AuthorCuesta Jiménez, Arturo; Abreu Menéndez, Orlando Víctor; Balboa Marras, Adriana; Alvear Portilla, Manuel Daniel
© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada
Fire Safety Journal, 2017, 91, 947-954
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This paper proposes a novel real-time decision methodology for the selection of optimal evacuation routes for buildings. A summary of the mathematical formulation, the solution algorithm and the computer model are presented. The optimization algorithm is based on the stochastic evacuation model predictions by considering emergency data such as the location of the hazard. The method is applied to an industrial building. The stochastic evacuation model is compared with the commercial evacuation model STEPS. In addition, the computational model is applied to several emergency scenarios to evaluate its validity.