Elliptic curves with j = 0, 1728 and low embedding degree
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Elliptic curves over a finite field Fq with j-invariant 0 or 1728, both supersingular and ordinary, whose embedding degree k is low are studied. In the ordinary case we give conditions characterizing such elliptic curves with fixed embedding degree with respect to a subgroup of prime order . For k = 1, 2, these conditions give parameterizations of q in terms of and two integers m, n. We show several examples of families with infinitely many curves. Similar parameterizations for k ? 3 need a fixed kth root of the unity in the underlying field. Moreover, when the elliptic curve admits distortion maps, an example is provided.