Acceptance of living liver donation among medical students: A multicenter stratified study from Spain
EstadísticasView Usage Statistics
Full recordShow full item record
AuthorRios, Antonio; López Navas, Ana Isabel; López López, Ana Isabel; Gómez, Francisco Javier; Iriarte, Jorge; Herruzo, Rafael; Blanco, Gerardo; Llorca Díaz, Francisco Javier
To analyze the attitude of Spanish medical students toward living liver donation (LLD) and to establish which factors have an influence on this attitude.
A sociological, interdisciplinary, multicenter and observational study.
Medical students enrolled in Spain (n = 34000) in the university academic year 2010-2011.
A sample of 9598 students stratified by geographical area and academic year. Instrument used to measure attitude: A validated questionnaire (PCID-DVH RIOS) was self-administered and completed anonymously. Data collection procedure: Randomly selected medical schools. The questionnaire was applied to each academic year at compulsory sessions.
Student´s t test, ?(2) test and logistic regression analysis.
The completion rate was 95.7% (n = 9275). 89% (n = 8258) were in favor of related LLD, and 32% (n = 2937) supported unrelated LLD. The following variables were associated with having a more favorable attitude: (1) age (P = 0.008); (2) sex (P < 0.001); (3) academic year (P < 0.001); (4) geographical area (P = 0.013); (5) believing in the possibility of needing a transplant oneself in the future (P < 0.001); (6) attitude toward deceased donation (P < 0.001); (7) attitude toward living kidney donation (P < 0.001); (8) acceptance of a donated liver segment from a family member if one were needed (P < 0.001); (9) having discussed the subject with one's family (P < 0.001) and friends (P < 0.001); (10) a partner's opinion about the subject (P < 0.001); (11) carrying out activities of an altruistic nature; and (12) fear of the possible mutilation of the body after donation (P < 0.001).
Spanish medical students have a favorable attitude toward LLD.