Autoinhibition of TBCB regulates EB1-mediated microtubule dynamics
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AuthorCarranza Ferrer, Gerardo; Castaño Cobo, Raquel; López Fanarraga, Mónica; Villegas Sordo, Juan Carlos; Gonçalves, João; Soares, Helena; Ávila de Grado, Jesús; Marenchino, Marco; Campos Olivas, Ramón; Montoya Blanco, Guillermo; Zabala Otaño, Juan Carlos
Tubulin cofactors (TBCs) participate in the folding, dimerization, and dissociation pathways of the tubulin dimer. Among them, TBCB and TBCE are two CAP-Gly domain-containing proteins that interact and dissociate the tubulin dimer. Here we show how TBCB localizes at spindle and midzone microtubules during mitosis. Furthermore, the motif DEI/M-COO– present in TBCB, which is similar to the EEY/F-COO– element characteristic of EB proteins, CLIP-170, and α-tubulin, is required for TBCE–TBCB heterodimer formation and thus for tubulin dimer dissociation. This motif is responsible for TBCB autoinhibition, and our analysis suggests that TBCB is a monomer in solution. Mutants of TBCB lacking this motif are derepressed and induce microtubule depolymerization through an interaction with EB1 associated to microtubule tips. TBCB is also able to bind to the chaperonin complex CCT containing α-tubulin, suggesting that it could escort tubulin to facilitate its folding and dimerization, recycling or degradation.