In silico evaluation of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membrane cascades for continuous fractionation of protein hydrolysate from tuna processing byproduct
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AuthorAbejón Elías, Ricardo; Abejón Elias, Azucena; Garea Vázquez, Aurora; Tsuru, Toshinori; Irabien Gulías, José Ángel; Belleville, Marie Pierre; Sánchez Marcano, José
The present work proposes the design of cascades that integrate ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) membranes to separate the different protein fractions from the protein hydrolysate obtained after hydrolysis of tuna byproducts. Experimental data (permeate flux and rejection of protein fractions under different applied pressures) previously obtained and published by this research group were fitted to empirical models, which were the basis for a process simulation model. High recovery rates (0.9) in the UF stages implied high process yields by reduced desired fraction losses, while similar recovery rates in the NF stages were required for high product purity. However, the applied pressures were not so influential over the performance of the system. Optimization problems were solved to identify the optimal design and operation conditions to maximize the product purity or the process yield. Maximal purity of the preferred 1-4 kDa fraction (49.3% from 19.0% in feed stream) obtained by the configuration with 3 UF stages and another 3 NF stages implied 2 and 5 bar pressures applied in the UF and NF stages, respectively, while 0.9 was the optimal recovery rate value for all the stages. These maximal purity conditions resulted in 62.6% process yield, defined as the percentage of the 1-4 kDa fraction in the feed stream recovered in the product stream. In addition, multiobjective optimization of the process was also carried out to obtain the Pareto graphs that represent the counterbalance between maximal yields and purities.
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