Progress in the use of ionic liquids as electrolyte membranes in fuel cells
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This work provides a critical review of the progress in the use of Room Temperature Ionic Liquids (RTILs) as Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolytes in Fuel Cells (FCs). It is well-known that for an efficient early commercialisation of this technology it is necessary to develop a proton exchange membrane with high proton conductivity without water dependency capable of working at temperatures above 100 °C. The use of ionic liquids as electrolytes in electrochemical devices is an emerging field due to their high conductivity, as well as their thermal, chemical and electrochemical stability under anhydrous conditions. This paper attempts to give a general overview of the state-of-the-art, identifies the key factors for future research and summarises the recent progress in the use of ionic liquids as an innovative type of PEMs.