An evacuation model for risk analysis in Spanish road tunnels
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AuthorAlonso Gutiérrez, Virginia; Abreu Menéndez, Orlando Víctor; Cuesta Jiménez, Arturo; Alvear Portilla, Manuel Daniel
In this paper we present EvacTunnel 3.0 an evacuation model design specifically for road tunnels. The model combines coarse network (space discretization) and a microscopic approach for modeling individual behaviors. Based on Monte Carlo methods, the model has the capability to perform multiple simulations by changing random variables of tunnel users such as pre-movement times and walking speeds. The proposed model allows the user to incorporate the effects of fire into the evacuation simulation (importing fire data/results from another model) and, therefore, predicts the number of people directly affected by the smoke (victims). Three verification cases of the proposed model are shown in this paper: 1) risk analysis application, 2) comparison with other evacuation models and 3) a real case application.
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